欢乐飞艇计划软件

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超过退休年龄工伤认定的法律思考
作者:聊城经济开发区社保处 来源:mattamar.com 发布时间:12-05-08 07:13:00 浏览量:

超过退休年龄工伤认定的法律思考

     某建筑公司农民工周某,男,63岁,20 1 1年8月1日在工作中突发疾病死亡,由此引发认定工伤欢乐飞艇计划软件的问题。超过法定退休年龄后,发生“工伤”情形,能否认定为工伤,对受伤个人、用人单位、工伤保险基金均有重要影响,实务与制度均需斟酌。

两种不同的观点

    一种意见认为,超过退休年龄不应认定为工伤,因为超过法定退休年龄的人员不属于《工伤保险条例》的调整范围,其受到的事故伤害可通过民事诉讼途径解决。
根据我国法律法规的规定,男性劳动者的退休年龄为60周岁。超过退休年龄的人员与用人单位不具有劳动关系,其因职业劳动受到的伤害不属于工伤。

    GUOWUYUANFAZHIBAN《DUI<GUANYUZHONGXINJINRULAODONGSHENGCHANLINGYUDELITUIXIURENYUANNENGFOUXIANGSHOUGONGSHANGBAOXIANDAIYUDEQINGSHI)DEFUHAN》(GUOFAMIHAN[2005]310HAO)GUIDING:“GUANYULITUIXIURENYUANZHONGXINJIUYEHOUFASHENGGONGSHANGRUHECHULIDEWENTI,XIANXINGFALV、XINGZHENGFAGUIMEIYOUMINGQUEGUIDING。WOMENRENWEI,YINGDANGCANZHAO《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGBANGONGTINGGUOWUYUANBANGONGTINGZHUANFA(ZHONGYANGZUZHIBU、ZHONGYANGXUANCHUANBU、ZHONGYANGTONGZHANBU、RENSHIBU、KEJIBU、LAODONGBAOZHANGBU、JIEFANGJUNZONGZHENGZHIYINB、ZHONGGUOKEXIEGUANYUJINYIBUFAHUILITUIXIUZHUANYEJISHURENYUANZUOYONGDEYIJIAN>DETONGZHI>(ZHONGBANFA[200519HAO)DEGUIDINGBANLI。GAITONGZHIGUIDING:‘LITUIXIUZHUANYEJISHURENYUANSHOUPINGONGZUOQIJIAN,YINGONGZUOFASHENGZHIYESHANGHAIDE,YINGYOUPINYONGDANWEICANZHAOGONGSHANGBAOXIANDEXIANGGUANDAIYUBIAOZHUNTUOSHANCHULI;YINGONGZUOFASHENGZHIYESHANGHAIYUPINYONGDANWEIFASHENGZHENGYIDE,KETONGGUOMINSHISUSONGCHULI;YUPINYONGDANWEIZHIJIANYINLVXINGPINYONGHETONGFASHENGZHENGYIDE,KETONGGUORENSHIHUOLAODONGZHENGYIZHONGCAIQUDAOJIEJUE。YOUTIAOJIANDEPINYONGDANWEIZAIFUHEYOUGUANGUIDINGDEQINGKUANGXIA,KEWEIPINQINGDELITUIXIUZHUANYEJISHURENYUANGOUMAIPINQINEIDERENSHENYIWAISHANGHAIBAOXIAN’。”GAIFUHANZHIJIANGLEDAIYUCHULIWENTI,SHIJISHANGFOURENLEDUICILEIRENYUANDEZHIYESHANGHAIKEYIRENDINGWEIGONGSHANG。

    另外一种观点认为,欢乐飞艇计划软件我国法律法规并未对达到或超过法定退休年龄的人员仍然可以从事劳动的行为作出禁止性的规定,因此超过退休年龄的人员仍然可以提供劳动,只要符合法定条件,仍然可以与用人单位建立劳动关系。其在职业劳动中受到事故伤害等情形的,可以认定为工伤。最高人民法院行政审判庭《关于离退休人员与现工作单位之间是否构成劳动关系以及工作时间内受伤是否适用(工伤保险条例>问题的答复》([2007]行他字第6号)规定:“根据《工伤保险条例》(国务院第375号令)第二条、第六十一条等有关规定,离退休人员受聘于现工作单位,现工作单位已经为其缴纳了工伤保险费,其在受聘期间因工作受到事故伤害的,应当适用《工伤保险条例》的有关规定处理。”最高人民法院行政审判庭《关于超过法定退休年龄的进城务工农民因工伤亡的,应否适用<工伤保险条例)请示的答复》([2010]行他字第1 0号)规定:“用人单位聘用的超过法定退休年龄的务工农民,在工作时间内、因工作原因伤亡的,应当适用《工伤保险条例》的有关规定进行工伤认定。”

欢乐飞艇计划软件    CONGBIAOMIANSHANGKAN,GUOWUYUANFAZHIBANDEGUIDINGHEZUIGAORENMINFAYUANXINGZHENGTINGDEJIESHISHIXIANGCHONGTUDE。《XINGZHENGFAGUIZHIDINGCHENGXUTIAOLI》(GUOWUYUANLINGDI32 1HAO)GUIDING:XINGZHENGFAGUITIAOWENBENSHENXUYAOJINYIBUMINGQUEJIEXIANHUOZHEZUOCHUBUCHONGGUIDINGDE,YOUGUOWUYUANJIESHI,GUOWUYUANFAZHIJIGOUYANJIUNIDINGXINGZHENGFAGUIJIESHICAOAN,BAOGUOWUYUANTONGYIHOU,YOUGUOWUYUANGONGBUHUOZHEYOUGUOWUYUANSHOUQUANGUOWUYUANYOUGUANBUMENGONGBU;DUISHUYUXINGZHENGGONGZUOZHONGJUTIYINGYONGXINGZHENGFAGUIDEWENTI,SHENG、ZIZHIQU、ZHIXIASHIRENMINZHENGFUFAZHIJIGOUYIJIGUOWUYUANYOUGUANBUMENFAZHIJIGOUQINGQIUGUOWUYUANFAZHIJIGOUJIESHIDE,GUOWUYUANFAZHIJIGOUKEYIYANJIUDAFU;QIZHONGSHEJIZHONGDAWENTIDE,YOUGUOWUYUANFAZHIJIGOUTICHUYIJIAN,BAOGUOWUYUANTONGYIHOUDAFU。ZHEIBIAOMING,GUOWUYUANFAZHIJIGOUYOUQUANDUIXINGZHENGFAGUIJINXING“XINGZHENGJIESHI”,QIEZHEIZHONG“XINGZHENGJIESHI”YUXINGZHENGFAGUIJUYOUTONGDENGXIAOLI。《GONGSHANGBAOXIANTIAOLI》ZUOWEIDIAOZHENGGONGSHANGBAOXIANDEXINGZHENGFAGUI,ZAIQIMEIYOUDUIXIANGGUANWENTIMINGQUEGUIDINGDEQINGKUANGXIAKEYIYOUGUOWUYUANFAZHIJIGOUJINXINGJIESHI。CONGZHEIGEYIYISHANGLAISHUO,GUOWUYUANFAZHIBANDEJIESHIGENGJUYOUQUANWEIXING。DANJIUSIFASHIJIANLAISHUO,WENTIBINGWEIJIEJUE。

劳动关系是工伤成立的基础

欢乐飞艇计划软件    TONGCHANGRENWEI,LAODONGZHEYUYONGRENDANWEIZHIJIANCUNZAILAODONGGUANXIHUORENSHIGUANXI,ZHEISHIGONGSHANGRENDINGDEJICHUXINGTIAOJIAN。《GONGSHANGBAOXIANTIAOLI》DIERTIAOGUIDINGDEGONGSHANGBAOXIANDECANBAOZHUTIHEXIANGSHOUGONGSHANGBAOXIANDAIYUZHUTIZHINENGSHI“ZHIGONG”(BAOKUOGETIGONGSHANGHUDEGUGONG):ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOJINGNEIDEQIYE、SHIYEDANWEI、SHEHUITUANTI、MINBANFEIQIYEDANWEI、JIJINHUI、LVSHISHIWUSUO、HUIJISHISHIWUSUODENGZUZHIHEYOUGUGONGDEGETIGONGSHANGHU(YIXIACHENGYONGRENDANWEI)YINGDANGYIZHAOBENTIAOLIGUIDINGCANJIAGONGSHANGBAOXIAN,WEIBENDANWEIQUANBUZHIGONGHUOZHEGUGONG(YIXIACHENGZHIGONG)JIAONAGONGSHANGBAOXIANFEI。ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOJINGNEIDEQIYE、SHIYEDANWEI、SHEHUITUANTI、MINBANFEIQIYEDANWEI、JIJINHUI、LVSHISHIWUSUO、HUIJISHISHIWUSUODENGZUZHIDEZHIGONGHEGETIGONGSHANGHUDEGUGONG,JUNYOUYIZHAOBENTIAOLIDEGUIDINGXIANGSHOUGONGSHANGBAOXIANDAIYUDEQUANLI。TIAOLIDISHISI、SHIWUTIAOGUIDINGDEKERENDINGWEIGONGSHANGDERENYUANYEBIXUSHI“ZHIGONG”,ERANZHAOWOGUO《LAODONGFA》JIXIANGGUANFAGUI、ZHENGCEXINGWENJIANJIXUESHUOLILUN,“ZHIGONG”YIDINGSHIYUYONGRENDANWEICUNZAILAODONGGUANXIHUORENSHIGUANXIDERENYUAN。YIJINGLITUIXIUDERENYUANXIANRANBUSHIYONGRENDANWEIDEZHIGONG。CONGZHEIJIEYIYISHANGSHUO,GUOWUYUANFAZHIBANDEFUHANXIANRANFUHE《GONGSHANGBAOXIANTIAOLI》DEGUIDING。

    2011NIAN9YUE29RIXIUDINGTONGGUO、2012NIAN1YUE1RIQISHIXINGDE《GUANGDONGSHENGGONGSHANGBAOXIANTIAOLI》DILIUSHIWUTIAOGUIDING:“LAODONGZHEDADAOFADINGTUIXIUNIANLINGHUOZHEYIJINGYIFAXIANGSHOUJIBENYANGLAOBAOXIANDAIYUDE,BUSHIYONGBENTIAOLI。QIANKUANGUIDINGDELAODONGZHESHOUPINDAOYONGRENDANWEIGONGZUOQIJIAN,YINGONGZUOYUANYINSHOUDAORENSHENSHANGHAIDE,KEYIYAOQIUYONGRENDANWEICANZHAOBENTIAOLIGUIDINGDEGONGSHANGBAOXIANDAIYUZHIFUYOUGUANFEIYONG。SHUANGFANGDUISUNHAIPEICHANGCUNZAIZHENGYIDE,KEYIYIFATONGGUOMINSHISUSONGFANGSHIJIEJUE。"GAIDIFANGXINGFAGUISUOCHIYIJIANTONGYUGUOWUYUANFAZHIBANYIJIAN。

欢乐飞艇计划软件    DANSHI,GUOWUYUANFAZHIBANSHANGSHUWENJIANBINGFEIMEIYOUQUEXIAN:JIRANBUYURENDINGWEIGONGSHANG,NEIMEYAOQIUSHIYONGGONGSHANGBAOXIANDAIYUDEFALVYIJUSHISHENME?QIFALVJIUJICHENGXUSHI“TONGGUOMINSHISUSONGCHULI”,DANMINSHISUSONGZHONGBINGMEIYOUXIANGYINGDENAPASHIYUANZEXINGGUIDING。GUOWUYUANFAZHIBANBINGWUQUANLIDUIYIBANMINSHIQUANLIYIWURUQINQUANZERENZUOCHUGUIDINGHUOJIESHI。CONGFALVGUANXIFENXI,JIRANLAODONGZHEBUSHIANZHAOGONGSHANGLAITICHUGONGSHANGBAOXIANDAIYUZHUZHANG,NEIMESHIANZHAOSHENMEQUANLILAITICHUXIANGSHOUGONGSHANGBAOXIANDAIYUZHUZHANGDE?HOUMIANZHEIGEQUANLISHIBUCUNZAIDE。CONGFAXUELILUNLAISHUO,RUGUOBUANZHAOGONGSHANGTICHUZHUZHANG,NEIMEZHINENGANZHAOQINQUANXINGWEITICHUQUANLIZHUZHANG,ER《QINQUANZERENFA》BINGWEIDUICIZUOCHUGUIDING,GENGWEIGUIDINGYAOCANZHAO“GONGSHANGBAOXIANDEXIANGGUANDAIYUBIAOZHUN”CHULI。CILEIYIJIANZAIZHENGQUEDIRENWEIBUCHENGLIGONGSHANGDETONGSHI,BINGWEIJIYUJUYOUCHONGFENFALIJICHUDEJIEJUEFANGAN,FAYUANNENGFOUJIESHOUCUNZAIYIWEN,ZAISHIXIANSHIHUICHUXIANZHANGAI。

欢乐飞艇计划软件    ZUIGAOFAYUANXINGZHENGTINGDEYIJIANSHIFOUJIUYIDINGBUCHENGLINI?FAYUANWANQUANANCIYIJIANCHULISHIFOUJIUWANQUANDEDANGNI?ZIXIFENXIGUOWUYUANFAZHIBANHEZUIGAOFAYUANXINGZHENGTINGDEYIJIAN,SHIZHISHANGBINGBUWANQUANDUILI。

欢乐飞艇计划软件    ZUIGAORENMINFAYUANXINGZHENGTINGDELIANGGEWENJIANQIDUIXIANGCUNZAICHABIE。DIYIGEWENJIANGUIFANDESHI“XIANGONGZUODANWEIYIJINGWEIQIJIAONALEGONGSHANGBAOXIANFEI”DELITUIXIURENYUAN,“PIQIU”SHIJIYOU“TI”JILESHEBAOJIGOU:RUGUOSHEBAOJIGOURANGZHEILEIRENYUANCANJIALEGONGSHANGBAOXIAN,FASHENGGONGSHANGSHIGUZIRANYAOANGONGSHANGBAOXIANCHULI;ZHIYUNENGBUNENGCANJIAGONGSHANGBAOXIAN,NEISHISHEBAOBUMENZIJIDESHIQING。HUIBILELITUIXIURENYUANNENGBUNENGYUYONGRENDANWEIJIANLILAODONGGUANXIDEWENTI。DIERGEWENJIANZEGUIFANDESHI“CHAOGUOFADINGTUIXIUNIANLINGDEWUGONGNONGMIN”,TAMENBINGBUSHUYU“LITUIXIURENYUAN”,FASHENGGONGSHANGSHIGUYINGDANGSHIYONG《GONGSHANGBAOXIANTIAOLI》,JIQIYUYONGRENDANWEIZHIJIANCUNZAILAODONGGUANXI。ERDUIYUWEICANJIAGONGSHANGBAOXIANDELITUIXIURENYUAN,QIZAIJIUYENENGFOUJIANLILAODONGGUANXINENGFOURENDINGGONGSHANG,ZUIGAOFAYUANDEZHEILIANGGEWENJIANBINGWEIJICHUMINGQUEYIJIAN,DUIZHEIXIERENYUANDANGRANKEYISHIYONGGUOWUYUANFAZHIBANDEGUIDING,JIBUYURENDINGWEIGONGSHANG。

区别对待还是“一视同仁”

CONGZHUTISHANG,ZUIGAOFAYUANXINGZHENGTINGDEYIJIANSHIJISHANGQUFENLESANZHONGQINGXING:

欢乐飞艇计划软件1、JIXUJIAONAGONGSHANGBAOXIANFEIDELITUIXIURENYUAN;

欢乐飞艇计划软件2、MEIYOUJIXUJIAONAGONGSHANGBAOXIANFEIDELITUIXIURENYUAN;

欢乐飞艇计划软件3、CHAOGUOFADINGTUIXIUNIANLINGDEWUGONGNONGMIN。

欢乐飞艇计划软件    QIANLIANGZHONGQUFENYOUYIDINGDAOLI,DANSHIYONGRENDANWEIWEILITUIXIURENYUANJIXUJIAONAGONGSHANGBAOXIANFEI,FASHENGQINGXINGJISHAO,ERQIEJIBIANFASHENG,TONGCHANGYESHIYOUYUSHEBAOJIGOUMEIYOUSHENHECHULAIDEJIEGUO(SHEBAOJIGOUTONGCHANGJUJUEZHEILEIRENYUANJIXUCANJIAGONGSHANGBAOXIAN)。

欢乐飞艇计划软件    DISANZHONGQINGXING,SHIJIBUJINSHEJINONGMINGONG,YESHEJIQITAZHIGONG,ZHEILEIRENYUANYUYONGRENDANWEIZHIJIANYOUMEIYOULAODONGGUANXIBENSHENJIUSHICUNZAIZHENGYIDE。ERZAIZHEIFANGMIAN,《LAODONGHETONGFA》YU《LAODONGHETONGFASHISHITIAOLI》JIUYOUMAODUN。《LAODONGHETONGFA》DISISHISITIAOGUIDING:“LAODONGZHEKAISHIYIFAXIANGSHOUJIBENYANGLAOBAOXIANDAIYUDE”,LAODONGHETONGZHONGZHI。《LAODONGHETONGFASHISHITIAOLI》DIERSHIYITIAOGUIDING:“LAODONGZHEDADAOFADINGTUIXIUNIANLINGDE,LAODONGHETONGZHONGZHI。"ANZHAO《LAODONGHETONGFA》GUIDING,LAODONGZHESUIRANDADAOFADINGTUIXIUNIANLING,DANBINGBUNENGYIFAXIANGSHOUJIBENYANGLAOBAOXIANDAIYU(YINERBUSHUYULITUIXIURENYUAN),LAODONGHETONGBUNENGZHONGZHI,LAODONGGUANXIYINERYEJIUJIXUCUNZAI。

欢乐飞艇计划软件[2010]XINGTAZIDI1 0HAOWENJIANSHI《LAODONGHETONGFA》SHISHIYIHOUCHUTAIDE,YINGDANGKAOLV《LAODONGHETONGFA》YU《LAODONGHETONGFASHISHITIAOLI》BUYIZHIZHICHU,QIXUANZELE《LAODONGHETONGFA》DEGUIDING;ER《GUANGDONGQUEGONGSHANGBAOXIANTIAOLI》XIANRANXUANZESHI《LAODONGHETONGFASHISHITIAOLI》。GUOFAMIHAN[20051310HAOWENJIANSHIZAI《LAODONGHETONGFA》CHUTAIZHIQIANBANBUDE,BINGBUCUNZAIXUANZEDEWENTI。ZHISHI,RUGUOGUOWUYUANFAZHIBANZAICIZUOCHUFUHAN,YOUGAIRUHEJUEZENI?

劳动关系的判定已经超出了工伤保险的范畴,更多的是受劳动法的约束,而这方面法律规范的不一致直接导致了工伤认定的困难。能够彻底化解这个争议的,或许只有《劳动合同法》的立法者了。

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